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Principles to Create a Successful Correctional Facility
Convey through the built environment that people are capable of change and improvement.
Consider “evidence-based practices” and results from scientific research to promote positive social behaviours.
Blend the facility into the surrounding area to decrease alienation and to increase community integration.
Create appropriate sized facilities; smaller facilities allow for effective, focused attention and reduce inmate isolation and anxiety.
Promote safety, security, ease of supervision and circulation: enhance wayfinding; allow enough floor space for visual openness.
Provide a healthy, safe environment: spaces filled with sunlight, outside views, therapeutic colour schemes to encourage inmate participation.
Provide a normative (less institutional, more residential-like) and spatially stimulating living environment.
Provide a variety of programs, services and spaces; multi-purpose areas, academic, vocational, multi-faith spaces, counselling.
Sourced from an article by Marayca Lopez (2014)
Questions to Ask when Designing and Planning Prisons
by International Committee of the Red Cross